India signed the landmark Paris climate change agreement on Friday along with 170 other nations. Hailing the agreement, India stressed that the world community’s action plan to implement the agreement should focus on ensuring climate justice to the world’s poor and bringing sustainability in consumption. The agreement, also known as the Paris climate change agreement by COP 21, was adopted by 195 countries in Paris on December 2015.
Union Environment minister Prakash Javadekar signed the deal on behalf of India at a high-level signature ceremony in New York convened by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
“On this Earth Day, we have made History. As many as 171 countries have signed the Paris agreement. It is the triumph of collective wisdom,” Prakash Javadekar said in his statement to the world body.
Javadekar also emphasised that the agreement explicitly highlights the benefits of sustainable lifestyle and consumption and warned that the extravagant lifestyle of some countries would render the planet unsustainable.
“If we continue with an extravagant lifestyle in the same way what we experience in many countries, earth will become unsustainable,” he said adding, “We have only one planet. There is only one Mother earth and we must take care of it.”
He also stressed that there is an impetus for operationalising the vision of ‘Climate Justice’ as enshrined in the Preamble of the Paris Agreement.
“Climate justice is justice to the poorer sections, the four billion poor of the world and justice for the developing world. We have to chalk out our action plan to implement the Paris agreement,” he said, focusing on climate justice and sustainability.
The Paris Agreement was signed at UN Headquarters, with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon describing the day as an historic one since this was by far the largest number of countries ever to sign an international agreement on a single day.
Adopted in Paris by the 196 Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change at a conference known as COP 21 last December, the agreement’s objective is to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius.
It will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, accounting for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification.
(With inputs from the PTI)