Over 90 per cent of world breathing bad air: WHO

New Delhi: FILE- Smoke billows from a thermal power plant chimney contributing to air pollution. In a move to curb pollution, the Delhi government on Friday proposed a 'odd/even' number formula for cars. The move is planned to be rolled out from January 1, 2016. Photo - PTI

New Delhi: FILE- Smoke billows from a thermal power plant chimney contributing to air pollution. In a move to curb pollution, the Delhi government on Friday proposed a ‘odd/even’ number formula for cars. The move is planned to be rolled out from January 1, 2016.
Photo – PTI

Globally, nine out of 10 people are breathing poor quality air, said the World Health Organization. It called for dramatic action against pollution which has caused more than six million deaths a year.

The new data collected from more than 3,000 sites across the globe by the UN’s global health body “is enough to make all of us extremely concerned,” said Maria Neira, the head of the WHO’s department of public health and environment.

The problem is most acute in cities, but air in rural areas is worse than many think, WHO experts pointed out.

Poorer countries have much dirtier air than the developed world, according to the report, but pollution “affects practically all countries in the world and all parts of society”, Neira said in a statement.

“It is a public health emergency,” she added.

“Fast action to tackle air pollution can’t come soon enough,” she added, urging governments to cut the number of vehicles on the road, improve waste management and promote clean cooking fuel.

The data found that “92 percent of the world’s population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits”.

The data focuses on dangerous particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres, or PM2.5. PM2.5 includes toxins like sulfate and black carbon, which can penetrate deep into the lungs or cardiovascular system.

Air with more than 10 microgrammes per cubic metre of PM2.5 on an annual average basis is considered substandard.

In some regions, satellite data has been complemented by ground-level PM2.5 measurements, but in much of the developing world, ground readings remain unavailable, forcing the WHO to rely on cruder estimates.

Despite these data gaps, Neira said the UN agency now had more information than ever about pollutants in the planet’s air.

Using both satellite and ground measurements “is a big step forward towards even more confident estimates of the huge global burden”, of dirty air, she added.

The WHO has estimated that more than six million deaths per year are linked to exposure to outdoor and indoor air pollution.

Data is more solid for outdoor pollution, which is blamed for more than three million fatalities annually.

But indoor pollution can be equally harmful, especially in poorer developing world homes where cooking often involves burning charcoal.

Nearly 90-percent of air pollution-related deaths occur in low and middle-income countries, the WHO said.

Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region – including China, Malaysia and Vietnam — are the hardest hit, the data showed.

Using a different data set, the WHO reported in May that 80 per cent of the world’s city dwellers breathe poor quality air, a figure that rose to 98 per cent in poorer countries.

(With inputs from PTI)