The Climate Change summit in Paris has come up with a new draft which India is not very happy with. Several concerns raised by India, like voluntary pledges of nations on climate change, unilateral measures, sustainable lifestyles and climate justice have not been incorporated.
“We will examine the draft carefully and engage with all our partners to reach an agreement,” said Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, who is part of the negotiating team in Paris.
The new draft which is being called as “the starting point for the final push”, is expected to come up with a long-term agreement between 180 nations to reduce global emissions in the fight against global warming.
India has strongly put across its point that the Paris agreement “cannot” be crafted by “diluting” historical responsibilities or by putting the polluters and the victims at the same level.
According to Javadekar, the latest draft still has many “points of departure”.
Javadekar, also termed as “disappointing” the issue of finance and accused the developed countries of failing to fulfil their obligations and trying to “shift” their responsibility to the poorer developing nations.
“On finance, it is deeply disappointing that on the one hand developed countries are not fulfilling their obligations and on the other hand, they are trying to shift their responsibilities to developing countries themselves. There is no indication of scaling up of finance nor a clear roadmap,” Javadekar said during a negotiating session.
India also made it clear that the agreement “must carefully” balance climate ambition and the principle of differentiation as both are equally important.
“It needs to be reaffirmed upfront in the agreement that it is under the Convention (UNFCCC) and in accordance with its principles. Its objective is to enhance the implementation of the Convention across all its pillars,” he said.
During negotiations, India backed the goal of capping global warming at 1.5 degree Celsius from pre-industrial times. This, India said, will require developed countries to “massively” reduce their emissions and “scale up” the financial support to developing countries. Sources say that this particular goal, has found a place in the new draft.
“I must stress that the concept of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is a great innovation and has proved a game-changer. It has enabled the participation of over 186 countries. Yet, INDCs are not even mentioned in the draft,” Javadekar stated.
Experts from India have said that the world must agree to a fair allocation of carbon space and massive enhancement of financial and technological support from the developed countries to developing ones to achieve this target.
Noting that developed countries will have to significantly increase the level of their own efforts and reach net zero emissions in the next 5-10 years, experts said that if they fail to do so, the 1.5 degree target will “remain a hollow shell devoid of any real significance”.
(With inputs from PTI)