64-year-old Justice Misra, , who was part of the bench that confirmed the death sentence of the four convicts in the December 16 gangrape case and passed the order for mandatory singing of the national anthem in cinema halls, took oath in English at a brief ceremony in the Darbar Hall of Rashtrapati Bhawan. President Ramnath Kovind administered the oath of office to Misra.
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and several union ministers were present at the ceremony. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress president Sonia Gandhi, leader of the opposition in the Rajya Sabha Ghulam Nabi Azad also attended the oath ceremony.
Justice Misra will remain in office till October 2, 2018.
As per the established practice, Justice Khehar had named Misra as the next CJI last month.
Justice Misra was the chief justice of the Patna High Court and the Delhi High Court before being elevated to the apex court in October 2011.
After his enrolment as an advocate in 1977, Justice Misra practiced in constitutional, civil, criminal, revenue, service and sales tax matters in the Orissa High Court.
He was appointed as an additional judge of the Orissa High Court on January 17, 1996, before his transfer to the Madhya Pradesh High Court. He became a permanent judge on December 19, 1997.
Justice Misra is currently presiding over a bench hearing the Cauvery and Krishna river water disputes, BCCI reforms and Sahara case among others.
Justice Misra, along with Justice P C Pant, had in May, declined to de-criminalise defamation an offence punishable with two years in jail apart from fine, saying the right to free speech cannot mean that a citizen can defame anybody.
(With inputs from PTI)