The latest Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 is out. Such a census has been released for the first time in about more than eight decades. The census was released by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Rural Development Minister Chaudhary Birender Singh in Delhi.
According to the government, this data will benefit them to implement government policies better.
The document reflects the reality of India and it will be an important input for all policy makers both for the central and state governments, said Jaitley.
“The enormity of schemes and reaches that all governments have, this document will form a basis of helping us target groups for support in terms of policy planning,” he told the press in Delhi.
The census throws up some interesting facts.
The data suggests that the state of education among rural masses is quite poor. 23.52% of rural families have no literate adult above the age of 25.
Of the 24.39 crore households in the country, 17.91 crore live in villages. Of these, 10.69 crore households are considered deprived.
About 5.37 crore households in rural areas are “landless deriving a major part of their income from manual labour”.
And as many as 2.37 crore rural families live in one-room houses of with ‘kaccha’ walls and roof.
Just 4.6 per cent of all rural households in the country pay income tax. And only 10 per cent of rural households have a salaried income.
The percentage of Scheduled Caste (SC) households paying income tax is shown to be 3.49 per cent while Scheduled Tribe (ST) tax-paying rural households are only 3.34 per cent, the data states.
This is the first Census released after 1932 and contains various details with regard to specific regions, communities, caste and economic groups and measures the progress of the households in India.
“It is after 7-8 decades that we have this document after 1932 of the caste census. It is also a document which contains various details … who are the ones who have qualitatively moved up in terms of life, which are the ones both in terms of geographical regions, social groupings which in future planning needs to be targeted,” Jaitley said.