India calls for credible negotiations on UNSC reform

SansadTV Bureau
File photo of Syed Akbaruddin, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN.addressing media  on Monday,

File photo of Syed Akbaruddin, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN.addressing media on Monday,

Strongly pitching for reforms in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), India sought credible text-based negotiations. Other G4 nations – Japan, Brazil and Germany – too sought for the same. The G4 nations have been seeking expansion of the permanent and non-permanent seats of the Security Council. They support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the UN Security Council.

“We seek a structured format of a single document that can be negotiated, one issue at a time, with the usual understanding that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed to,” Akbaruddin said.

He was addressing the first meeting of the intergovernmental negotiations on the ‘question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters.’

The Indian Permanent Representative also urged its Co-Chairs to facilitate from the next meeting onwards, a normal process based on an inclusive and holistic document that enables the member nations to structure negotiations transparently in a rolling document with the goal of early reform.

“Let us not lose time and energy in discussions and repetition of positions which do not take our work forward,” Germany’s Permanent Representative to the UN Christoph Heusgen said.

Speaking on behalf of G-4 countries, Heusgen said an overwhelming 85 per cent of member states or 164 countries — have demanded to begin text-based negotiations.

“We need a text that can be negotiated. A text which adequately captures all positions expressed, Heusgen said, adding, “We need to look at all positions in a holistic manner… This is not an academic exercise. This is a political discussion. One which should be based on give-and-take and negotiations”.

The structure of the Security Council, created 70 years ago, must take into account new ground realities of the 21st century, or else it will affect the credibility and relevance of the world body, UN General Assembly President Miroslav Lajcak said as he called for out of the box ideas to get it done.

“We need a Security Council adapted to today’s world. And that is not merely a technical or procedural task. It relates to the lives of people. It affects the credibility and relevance of the General Assembly, which established this process. And, it puts the entire United Nations system at stake,” Lajcak said in his address.

Addressing diplomats from member countries, he urged them to put forward their ideas on how it should proceed.

(With inputs from Agencies)