India remembered Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar on his 127th birth anniversary on Saturday. President Ram Nath Kovind, Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and leaders across political parties and members of public paid rich tributes to Dr. Ambedkar. A robust social and political reformer, Dr. BR Ambedkar is also remembered as the architect of India’s constitution.
Former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and Congress president Rahul Gandhi were also among those who paid tributes Dr. Amberdkar in a special ceremony held at the Parliament House lawns this morning.
The anniversary is being marked as National Social Justice Day.
Nation’s first law minister and an eminent jurist Dr. Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Central province (then) in 1891 into a poor Dalit family. Fighting odds, atrocities and rampant social discrimination Dr. Ambedkar was the first ever Dalit student to have studied in any Indian university. Add to that, he was among very few of the early Indian students to have studied in a United States university.
After studying in prestigious Sydenham College in Bombay (then) he went on to earn a law degree along with several Honours in Doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics. Establishing himself a prolific student, Ambedkar gained a reputation of an eminent scholar for his research in law, economics and political science.
Back home he aggressively pushed for social reforms aiming at emancipation of Dalits, Tribals and communities at the bottom of social order. He tirelessly fought for the equality status and political rights of the scheduled castes and tribes.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who served as independent India’s first Union Law Minister, was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee on the 29th August, 1947.
A brilliant mind on legal jurisprudence, he was a robust Parliamentarian with an honour of being a member in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. He was nominated to the upper house in 1952, where he continued till his demise on 6th December, 1956.
Dr. Ambedkar, also referred to as Babasaheb, was posthumously honoured with highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1990.
“Annihilation of Caste”, “Buddha and his Dhamma”, “Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development”, “Pakistan or the Partition of India” is considered among his best of works on social, political, subaltern, modernist and post-modernist subjects.