India remembered Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar on his birth anniversary on Friday. President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice President Md. Hamid Ansari, PM Narendra Modi and leaders across the political parties and members of public paid rich tributes to Dr. Ambedkar who is considered as the architect of the Constitution of India and a robust social and political reformer.
Paying tributes, Prime Minister Modi shared, “Tributes to venerable Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on Ambedkar Jayanti. Jai Bhim,” on his twitter handle.
Later in the, the Prime Minister launch several crucial initiatives, including, the BHIM-Aadhaar platform in Nagpur. He also visited Deeksha Bhoomi, sacred place associated with Dr. Ambedkar.
Nation’s first law minister and an eminent jurist Dr. Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Central province (then) in 1891 into a poor dalit family. Fighting odds, atrocities and rampant social discrimination Dr. Ambedkar was the first ever dalit student to have studied in any Indian university. Add to that, he was among very few of the early Indian students to have studied in a United States university.
After studying in prestigious Sydenham College in Bombay (then) he went on to earn a law degree along with several honours in Doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics. Establishing himself a prolific student, he gained a reputation of an eminent scholar for his research in law, economics and political science.
Back home he aggressively pushed for social reforms aiming at emancipation of Dalits, tribals and communities at the bottom of social order. He tirelessly fought for the equality status and political rights of the scheduled castes and tribes.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who served as independent India’s first Union Law Minister, was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee on the 29th August, 1947.
A brilliant mind on legal jurisprudence, he was a robust Parliamentarian with an honour of being a member in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. He was nominated to the upper house in 1952, where he continued till his demise on 6th December, 1956.
Dr. Ambedkar, also referred to as Babasaheb, was posthumously honoured with highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1990.
Among his works “Annihilation of Caste”, “Buddha and his Dhamma”, “Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development”, “Pakistan or the Partition of India” is considered among the best of works on social, political, subaltern, modernist and post-modernist subjects.
On the occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti, PM Modi launched several crucial initiatives, including, the BHIM-Aadhaar platform for merchants, cash back and referral bonus schemes for BHIM and declaring about 75 townships going less-cash.
BHIM-Aadhaar will enable every Indian citizen to pay digitally using their biometric data like their thumb imprint on a merchants’ biometric enabled device which could be smart phone having a biometric reader.
Besides, he also visited Deeksha Bhoomi, a sacred Buddhist monument where Dr. Ambedkar had converted to Buddhism on the occasion of Ashok Vijaya Dashami on October 14, 1956.
“We are unwavering in our efforts towards creating a strong, prosperous and inclusive India of Dr. Ambedkar’s dreams,” Modi had tweeted ahead of his visit here.
(With inputs from PTI)