India has promised to make its economy more energy efficient and cut 33-35 per cent of its carbon emissions when compared to 2005. India hopes to achieve this 35 per cent cut by the year 2030. India, like other nations was due to come out with emission targets ahead of the crucial climate change summit scheduled to be held in Paris later this year.
India also pledged to boost its renewable energy capacity to 40 per cent by 2030 in its target submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for a global climate pact.
In the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), a 38-page document submitted to the UNFCCC late on Thursday, India announced that it aims at achieving around 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
India “intends to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level. This commitment is further echoed in India’s actions in climate change adaptation with setting up its own National Adaptation Fund,” said the document.
“India’s contributions represent the utmost ambitious action in the current state of development,” said Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar while making the big announcement in a press conference on Friday morning.
“We want to reduce our emission intensity by upto 35 per cent by 2030. This is against the backdrop of 20 per cent (reduction) by 2020 and that means a rise of 75 per cent in our target…At least USD 2.5 trillion (at 2014-15 prices) will be required for meeting India’s climate change actions between now and 2030,” added Javadekar
India has said that its INDC is fair and ambitious considering that it is attempting to work towards low carbon emission pathway while trying to meet all the developmental challenges.
India’s long-term plan to curb greenhouse gas emissions builds on its Copenhagen pledge of a 20-25 per cent intensity reduction by 2020, said the INDC.
Asserting that its development plans will continue to lay a balanced emphasis on economic development and environment, India said the current policy framework also includes a favourable environment for a rapid increase in renewable energy, moving towards low carbon sustainable development pathway and adapting to the impacts of climate change.
All nations were due to come out with emission targets ahead of a climate change conference in Paris in December, where they are supposed to adopt a landmark deal to fight climate change.
Meanwhile at the ongoing UNGA meet in New York, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj called for a comprehensive and equitable climate change agreement at the Paris summit.
“As we prepare to meet in two months time in Paris, the world expects us to deliver an ambitious and credible agreement on climate change. We have a duty for common action but in doing so we must keep in mind the larger historical contribution of some and the differentiated responsibility of others,” said Swaraj.
She stressed that the agreement in Paris needs to be comprehensive and equitable, while delivering concrete action.
“Developing countries can do more if they are enabled in their efforts with the provision of finance, technology transfer and capacity building support from developed countries,” said Swaraj while assuring the international community that India will play its due role in reaching a meaningful, equitable and effective agreement in Paris.
She lauded Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s efforts in bringing about a big change in environmental policies.
Meanwhile on Friday morning, while speaking at an event in Jharkhand, PM Modi said, “I want to tell the world on behalf of 125 crore Indians that we have no role in this sin which has precipitated the environment crisis. Our heritage, culture, ancestors never permitted the exploitation of nature and natural resources…But irrespective of whoever committed this sin and made
this mistake, India will make its contribution for the welfare of the humanity.”
PM Modi was in Jharkhand to inaugurate a rooftop solar plant for Khunti court and district collectorate.
(With inputs from PTI)