In India, the inhuman and illegal involvement of children in the economic activities hasn’t stopped. Child labour has been decreasing at a dismal rate of 2.2% per year. This means, it will take more than a century to end the menace completely, a report said on Thursday.
While analysing the census data prepared by CRY (Child Rights and You), a shocking and dismal figure came to light. The data revealed that child labour was decreasing at a rate of only 2.2% per year over the last decade, contrary to popular perception of its substantial reduction.
The report emphatically stated that more than a crore children still continue to be a part of the country’s workforce, which is a very dangerous trend for any nation.
In the report, it was found that in urban areas, child labour increased drastically by 53 per cent during 2001-2011.
“This is of utmost concern especially since enforcement machinery is primarily based in urban regions and the implementation of child protection structures is stronger in urban India. This increase in urban child labour could be attributed to increased migration including seasonal migration for employment as well as trafficking of unaccompanied minors,” says Komal Ganotra, Director, Policy & Research, CRY.
The report revealed that almost 80 per cent of working children are based in rural areas. It also said that out of every 4 children, 3 of them worked in agricultural sectors and household industries, both of which are home-based employments.
Interestingly, more than half of the working children in India are concentrated only in these five states – Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. These states together account for more than 55 lakh child labourers.
Out of these five states, Uttar Pradesh has witnessed a growth in child labour by 13 per cent. Thus, one out of every five child labourers belongs to Uttar Pradesh, the report said.
CRY is a non-profit organization working in India, to eradicate child labour. CRY tries to ensure that children’s fundamental human rights are protected and honoured.