Javadekar will sign the deal on behalf of India at a high-level signature ceremony convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon.
A record number of 150 countries are expected to sign the deal in New York on Friday, surpassing a previous record of 119 signatures for an opening day signing for an international agreement, set by the Law of the Sea in Montego Bay in 1994.
The signing ceremony will mark the first step toward ensuring that the Paris Agreement enters into force as early as possible.
The landmark agreement aims to limit global warming to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius and commits a sum of USD 100 billion a year to help developing nations pursue clean economic growth.
India had advocated a strong and durable climate agreement based on the principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the agreement addresses all the important “concerns and expectations” of India.
The agreement will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, accounting for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification or acceptance with the Secretary-General.
“The Paris Agreement on climate change is a milestone in global climate cooperation. It is meant to enhance the implementation of the Convention (UNFCCC) and recognizes the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in the light of different national circumstances,” an official statement said.
The agreement acknowledges the development imperatives of developing countries and their right to development. It also recognizes the importance of sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption with developed countries taking the lead. In its preamble, the agreement also attaches importance of “climate justice”, which was raised by India.
“The Agreement seeks to enhance the ‘implementation of the Convention’ whilst reflecting the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances,” the official statement said.
Noting that pre-2020 climate actions are also part of the decisions, the statement said that the developed countries are urged to ramp up their level of financial support.
Developed countries are to scale up their financial support with a complete road map to achieve the goal of jointly providing USD 100 billion by 2020. This will be a significant increase in adaptation finance from current levels. Developed nations are also bound to further provide appropriate technology and capacity building support to the developing countries, says the statement.
(With inputs from agencies)