The Winter Session, 2019 of Parliament which commenced on Monday, the 18th November 2019, concluded on Friday, the 13th December 2019. The Session provided 20 sittings spread over a period of 26 days.
During the Session, 18 Bills (18 in the Lok Sabha) were introduced. The Lok Sabha passed 14 Bills during the session. 15 Bills were passed by both the Houses of Parliament and would become Acts of Parliament.
The productivity of Lok Sabha was approximately 116 per cent.
During the Session, First Batch of Supplementary Demands for Grants for 2019-20 were discussed and approved along with the related Appropriation Bill in the both the Houses.
Two Bills replacing the Ordinances, namely, (i) the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Ordinance, 2019 and (ii) the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019which were promulgated by the President, were also considered and passed by both the Houses.
Some important Bills, passed by Houses of Parliament are as under:-
Social and Justice and Reforms – Certain Bills to further strengthen Social and Gender justice system in India were passed during this Session. The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 defines a transgender person and provides for protection of rights of transgender persons and their welfare.
The Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Bill, 2019 intends to prohibit the production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution, storage and advertisement of e-cigarettes and like devices, considering the highly addictive nature of nicotine. This legislation will go a long way in achieving the targets envisaged under sustainable Development Goals, National Monitoring Framework for Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases and National Health Policy, 2017.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will make refugees who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship which will entitle them to a dignified life in India. The Arms Act (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will effectively curb crimes related to or committed by using illegal firearms and will provide effective deterrence against violation of the law.
Administrative Sector Reforms – With a view to recognise the property rights of residents of certain unauthorised colonies in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the government has enacted National Capital Territory of Delhi (Recognition of Property Rights of Residents in Unauthorised Colonies) Bill, 2019 which will address an important need of the residents. With the Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019 , SPG will now provide security to the Prime Minister, and members of his immediate family residing with him at his official residence.
It will also provide security to any former Prime Ministers, and his immediate family members residing with him at the residence allotted to him for a period of five years from the date on which he ceases to hold the office of Prime Minister.
The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019 aims to retain the inclusive character as envisioned by the founding fathers of the Constitution by continuing the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes for another ten years ie. Up to 25th January, 2030.
Economic Sector/Ease of Doing Business measures –Some important legislation to address the economic sentiment in the country were passed during the current session. The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will encourage fresh investment, stimulate growth, create fresh job opportunity in the economy, stabilize the Capital Market and increase the inflow of money into Capital market.
The Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will facilitate orderly growth of the Chit Funds sector, thereby facilitating greater financial access of people to other financial products. The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 will establish the International Financial Services Centre Authority to regulate and develop a market for financial services in International Financial Services Centres in India.
In the Lok Sabha, 2 Short Duration Discussions under Rule 193 were held on “air pollution and climate change which was replied to by Minister of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, and “on crop loss due to various reasons and its impact on farmers” which was replied to by Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Among other things a Web-Portal of National Youth Parliament Scheme to bring all the educational institutions of the country under the ambit of the Youth Parliament Programme was launched by Hon’ble President.
The extra-ordinary output of this Session has become possible due to tireless efforts of all agencies and individuals involved in the transaction of -Business before two Houses of Parliament.
(With inputs from agency)