On Monday evening, PM Modi addressed the summit and reiterated India’s stand on climate change. In his six-minute speech, he urged advanced countries to take the lead in addressing climate change issues and leave enough carbon space for developing countries to grow.
“The prosperous still have a strong carbon footprint but the world’s billions at the bottom of the development ladder are seeking space to grow,” PM Modi said at COP 21 plenary.
“It is not just a question of historical responsibility. We hope advanced nations will assume ambitious targets and pursue them as they have the most room for impact,” he added.
He went on to say that India needs to grow rapidly to meet the aspirations of 1.25 billion people, 300 million of whom are without access to energy. Thus, he called for “a collective partnership that balances responsibilities and capabilities”.
“This also means aggressive mitigation action by developed countries before 2020, including ratification of 2nd Commitment period of Kyoto Protocol, removing conditions and revisiting targets,” the Prime Minister explained.
He stressed on the importance of awareness, technology and clean energy.
“Energy is a basic human need. So, we need an ambitious technology initiative, driven by a public purpose, not just market incentives. For this, we need to scale up Green Climate Fund that will improve access to technology and intellectual property,” he said.
He also listed out India’s ambitious targets.
“By 2030, we will reduce emissions by 33 to 35% per cent of 2005 levels, and 40 per cent of our installed capacity will be from our non- fossil fuels….We will achieve it by expanding renewable energy — for, example, by adding 175 Gigawatts of renewable generation by 2022. We will enlarge our forest cover to absorb at least 2.5 billion tonnes worth of carbon dioxide,” Modi in his address.
PM Modi concluded his address with the statement, ” We will succeed if we have the wisdom and courage to craft a genuinely collective partnership that balances responsibilities and capabilities with aspirations and needs. I am confident that we will.”
The Paris climate conference which is hosting as many as 196 countries, aims to achieve a legally binding universal agreement to bring down global emissions.