UN passes resolution urging the world to act against IS

RSTV Bureau
Paris: A police officer takes cover behind cars outside the Bataclan theater  in Paris, France, Wednesday, Nov 13, 2015. Several dozen people were killed in a series of unprecedented attacks around Paris on Friday, French President Francois Hollande said, announcing that he was closing the country's borders and declaring a state of emergency. Photo - AP/ PTI

Paris: A police officer takes cover behind cars outside the Bataclan theater in Paris, France, Wednesday, Nov 13, 2015. 129 people were killed in a series of unprecedented attacks around Paris on Friday after which the French President Francois Hollande declared a state of emergency. Photo – AP/ PTI

The United Nations Security Council has unanimously approved a resolution which calls on all nations to unite and coordinate action to prevent further attacks by Islamic State terrorists and other extremist groups.

The resolution was initiated by France after IS terrorists targeted Paris last week killing 129 people in coordinated gun and bomb attacks at 7 different spots in the city.

The resolution calls on UN member states “that have the capacity to do so to take all necessary measures” against the Islamic State group and all other violent extremist groups “to eradicate the safe haven they have established over significant parts of Iraq and Syria.”

According to the resolution, the Islamic State group “constitutes a global and unprecedented threat to international peace and security” and expresses determination “to combat by all means this unprecedented threat.”

The resolution also urges UN member states “to intensify their efforts to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters in Iraq and Syria and to prevent and suppress the financing on terrorism.”

However, the resolution does not call for the use of military action. UNSC can say yes to the use of force only if the resolution is drafted under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter.

This new resolution is not drafted under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter and therefore cannot call for the use of military force. But the resolution “unequivocally condemns in the strongest terms” these and earlier “horrifying terrorist attacks” carried out by the Islamic State this year in Tunisia and Ankara in Turkey.

Prior to the Paris attacks, twin suicide bombings in Beirut killed 43 people, and later a Russian airliner crashed over Egypt’s Sinai peninsula killing all 224 people on board. IS was reportedly responsible for both these attacks.

In September 2014, US President Barack Obama chaired a Security Council meeting where members unanimously adopted a resolution requiring all countries to prevent the recruitment and transport of would-be foreign fighters preparing to join terrorist organisations such as the Islamic State group.

In February, the council adopted a resolution aimed at tightening its crackdown on financing terrorist groups through illicit oil sales, trading in antiquities and paying ransom for hostages.

This new resolution is now the 14th terrorism-related resolution adopted by the UN’s most powerful body since 1999.

(With inputs from PTI)